- Aristotle on Teleology Oxford Aristotle Studies
- Monte Ransome Johnson
- 22 May 2019
review Aristotle on Teleology Oxford Aristotle Studies
Aristotle on Teleology Oxford Aristotle Studies Summary ↠ 9 Ology between backwards causation and anthropomorphism Although these issues have been debated with extraordinary depth by Aristotle scholars and touched upon by many in the wider philosophical and scientific community as well there is no comprehensive historical treatment of the issueAristotle is commonly considered the inventor of teleology although the precise term originated in the eighteenth century If teleology means the use of ends and goals in natural science then Aristotle was rather a critical innovator of teleological explanation Teleological notions were widespread among his predecessors but Aristotle rejected their conception of extrinsic causes such as mind or god as the primary ca.Download ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ¾ Monte Ransome Johnson
Aristotle on Teleology Oxford Aristotle Studies Summary ↠ 9 Monte Johnson examines the most controversial aspects of Aristiotle's natural philosophy his teleology Is teleology about causation or explanation Does it exclude or obviate mechanism determinism or materialism Is it focused on the good of individual organisms or is god or man the ultimate end of all processes and entities Is teleology restricted to living things or does it apply to the cosmos as a whole Does it identify objectively existent causes in the world or is it merely a heuristic for our understanding of other causal processes Johnson argues that Aristotle's aporetic approach drives a middle course between these traditional oppositions and avoids the dilemma freuently urged against tele.
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Aristotle on Teleology Oxford Aristotle Studies Summary ↠ 9 Uses for natural things Aristotle's radical alternative was to assert nature itself as an internal principle of change and an end and his teleological explanations focus on the intrinsic ends of natural substances those ends that benefit the natural thing itselfAristotle's use of ends was subseuently conflated with incompatible teleological notions including proofs for the existence of a providential or designer god vitalism and animism opposition to mechanism and non teleological causation and anthropocentrism Johnson addresses these misconceptions through an elaboration of Aristotle's methodological statements as well as an examination of the explanations actually offered in the scientific wor.